MEXICO CITY (AP) — Infamous drug lord Rafael Caro Quintero walked free Friday after 28 years in prison when a court overturned his 40-year sentence for the 1985 kidnapping and killing of a U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration agent, a brutal murder that marked a low point in U.S.-Mexico relations.
The U.S. Department of Justice said Friday it was extremely disappointed by the release of the man convicted of killing DEA agent Enrique Camarena, calling it "deeply troubling."
Caro Quintero, 61, was a founding member of one of Mexico's earliest and biggest drug cartels. The court ruled Wednesday that he had been improperly tried in a federal court for a crime that should have been treated as a state offense. Prison officials were notified of the ruling on Thursday, and an official at the Jalisco state prosecutors' office said the drug lord left prison before dawn on Friday. The official was not authorized to speak on the record.
News media were not alerted until hours after the release, and U.S. authorities apparently received no prior notification.
"The Department of Justice and the Drug Enforcement Administration learned today that early this morning Rafael Caro Quintero was released from prison," said Justice Department spokesman Peter Carr.
The DEA, meanwhile, said it "will vigorously continue its efforts to ensure Caro-Quintero faces charges in the United States for the crimes he committed. "
Caro Quintero still faces active charges in the United States, but Mexico's Attorney General's Office said it was unclear whether there was a current extradition request.
Apparently, the U.S. had requested his extradition for the Camarena killing — something Caro Quintero can't be tried twice for — but may not have filed extradition requests for pending U.S. drug charges.
The U.S. Department of Justice said it "has continued to make clear to Mexican authorities the continued interest of the United States in securing Caro Quintero's extradition so that he might face justice in the United States. "
Caro Quintero helped establish a powerful cartel based in the northwestern Mexican state of Sinaloa that later split into some of Mexico's largest cartels, including the Sinaloa and Juarez cartels.
He is still listed as one of the DEA's five top international fugitives, and U.S. authorities believe he continued to control the laundering of drug money from behind bars.
"Caro Quintero continues to launder the proceeds from narcotics trafficking and he maintains an alliance with drug trafficking organizations such as the Sinaloa Cartel, most notably with Esparragoza Moreno's network," said Treasury Department spokesman John Sullivan, referring to Juan Jose Esparragoza Moreno, also known as "El Azul," or "Blue" because of the dark color of his skin, who is allegedly a top leader of the Sinaloa cartel.
In June, the Treasury Department imposed sanctions against 18 people and 15 companies that allegedly moved money for Caro Quintero.
"Caro Quintero has used a network of family members and front persons to invest his fortune into ostensibly legitimate companies and real estate projects in the city of Guadalajara" said Adam Szubin, Director of Treasury's Office of Foreign Assets Control. Caro Quintero has spent almost all of his sentence at a prison on the outskirts of that city, Mexico's second-largest city.
Mexico's relations with Washington were badly damaged when Caro Quintero ordered Camarena kidnapped, tortured and killed, purportedly because he was angry about a raid on a 220-acre (89-hectare) marijuana plantation in central Mexico named "Rancho Bufalo" — Buffalo Ranch — that was seized by Mexican authorities at Camarena's insistence.
Camarena was kidnapped on Feb. 7, 1985, in Guadalajara, a major drug trafficking center. His body and that of his Mexican pilot, both showing signs of torture, were found a month later, buried in shallow graves.
American officials accused their Mexican counterparts of letting Camarena's killers get away. Caro Quintero was eventually hunted down in Costa Rica.
At one point, U.S. Customs agents almost blocked the U.S. border with Mexico, slowing incoming traffic to a standstill while conducting searches of all Mexicans trying to enter the United States.
Camarena's fellow DEA agents considered him a hero in the war against drug trafficking and the El Paso Intelligence Center, where U.S. federal agencies collect information about Mexican drug barons, is dedicated to him.
Times have changed since the low point, and cooperation has strengthened, but Caro Quintero's release Friday reopened old wounds.
Edward Heath, the former DEA regional director for Mexico at the time of the Camarena killing who was present during the identification of the agent's body from dental records, said the release reflected a broader lack of cooperation with the U.S. from the new Mexican government, a contrast to the policy of former President Felipe Calderon.
"You had a president that was working very close with our government in a quiet way. These people come in and so, boom, the curtain comes down," said Heath, now a private security consultant. "It means a disrespect for our government."
He said he was skeptical of the explanation that there was a justifiable legal rationale for Caro Quintero's release.
"There's some collusion going on," he said. "This guy is a major trafficker. This guy is bad, a mean son of a gun."
Caro Quintero had sentences for other drug-related crimes besides the killing of Camarena, but Mexico's Federal Judiciary Council said he had already served his time on those charges and should be released.
Caro Quintero is said to have pioneered links between Colombian cocaine cartels and the Mexican smugglers who transport their drugs into the United States.
The ruling left many wondering why it took 24 years for judges to determine Caro Quintero was tried in the wrong court.
Raul Benitez, a security expert at Mexico's National Autonomous University, said the ruling may portend more such procedural rulings following the January freeing of French citizen Florence Cassez, who was convicted in Mexico for being part of a kidnapping ring.
The Frenchwoman served seven years of a 60-year sentence before Mexico's Supreme Court voted 3-2 to release her in January because of procedural and rights violations during her arrest, including police staging a recreation of her capture for the media.
"What appears to be coming is an avalanche of judicial appeals, with the drug traffickers hiring very good, very expensive lawyers, arguing there were violations of due process," said Benitez. "The government is going to have problems."
Mexican courts and prosecutors have long tolerated illicit evidence such as forced confessions and have frequently based cases on questionable testimony or hearsay. Such practices have been banned by recent judicial reforms, but past cases — including those against high-level drug traffickers — are often rife with such legal violations.
"The government has to be prepared to keep an eye on judges so that they don't fall into the easy argument of due process," Benitez said, "because there may also be judges who are receiving money" to accept such arguments.
Samuel Gonzalez, Mexico's former top anti-drug prosecutor, noted that the U.S. government itself has been promoting, and partly financing, judicial reforms in Mexico aimed at respecting procedural guarantees for suspects, an approach Gonzalez feels has weighted the balance too far against prosecutors and victims.
"This is all thanks to the excessive focus on procedural guarantees supported by the U.S. government itself," Gonzalez said.
"I warned them (U.S. officials) that they were going to get out, and they are all going to get out," he said referring to long-imprisoned drug lords such as Miguel Angel Felix Gallardo, who is also serving a sentence related to the Camarena case.
AP Writers Michael Weissenstein and Kathy Corcoran contributed to this report.
Copyright 2013 The Associated Press.